Using ‘by’ or ‘with’ to say how something is done

Hello everyone!

For today’s mini lesson, let’s talk about how to use ‘by’ and ‘with’ to say how something is done.

We can use both ‘by + verb+ing’ and ‘with + noun’ to explain how we do something.


We usually use verb+ing with ‘by’. ‘By’ is used with an action.


• He opened the box by hitting it.

• I’m going to pass the exam by studying hard.

• They got into the room by climbing in the window.


We usually use ‘with + noun’ when we’re talking about the tool or thing that we use to get the result.


• He opened the box with a hammer.

• She cut the bread with a knife.

• He grabbed the rope with his hand.

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